You have just entered into a disciplinary arms race in which there are no winners—only hurt feelings, sore throats and soaring blood pressure. But parenting doesn’t have to be a battle. Proponents of positive discipline teach that kids can—and will—behave without threats, bribes, yelling and physicality.Here are some tips that will set you on the path to better behavior—and a stronger, more peaceful connection with your child.
- Understand the meaning behind the behavior. Children want to behave well; if they seem to miss the mark, it’s not without a valid reason. The most important [thing] is to realize that whatever a child does, we may label as bad, [but really] the child is doing the best he can. It’s our job as parents to find out why [he is] doing it. Once we know the valid root of the behavior, we can easily remove the cause or heal the emotions, and the child won’t be driven to behave in that way anymore.So ask yourself: is your child hitting her sibling in a desperate bid for your attention? Maybe you stayed on the phone too long or ignored her as you rushed to get dinner on the table. If so, what correction can you make to your own behavior that will satisfy your child’s need? .A lot of what we expect of children is unreasonable.
- Focus on controlling yourself—not your child. It’s hard to keep cool in the heat of the moment, parents need to model the types of behavior they want their children to emulate. Remember, yelling begets yelling, hitting begets hitting. “We should not do anything in front of [our children] that we don’t want them to do. In the case of an extreme behavioral flare-up, this may mean counting to 10, taking a deep breath or simply walking away until you’ve had time to collect yourself.
- Be consistent with your expectations. Parents often overlook a certain behavior in the hope that it will pass. “But guess what?” she says. “It doesn’t pass.” If your child bites another child, for instance, you should hold her arm and tell her that the behavior is not acceptable. If she continues, then it is time to remove her from the situation.Sometimes a child might try to test the limits by arguing with the rules. When this happens, Fay suggests neutralizing negotiations by repeating one simple mantra as often as necessary: “I love you too much to argue.”
- Give attention to the behavior you like—not the behavior you don’t. Children often act up because they want your attention, so sometimes it pays to ignore those actions you don’t want to see more of. Kersey calls this the “Rain on the grass, not on the weeds” principle. Tantrums and whining? Play deaf or walk away, and your child will quickly learn that there’s a better way to communicate.
- Redirect, redirect, redirect. Kids who hear “No” or “Don’t” all the time tend to tune those directives out. So instead of telling your child what not to do.It is recommended that instead offering a positive behavior to replace the misbehavior. For instance, a child acting up at the grocery store could be enlisted to help pick out oranges or rearrange the items in a grocery cart, or a kid running around a swimming pool might be challenged to walk “as if on marshmallows.”
- Exploit the “energy drain.” Any parent who’s been in the trenches knows how tiring it is when a child acts up—but did you know that that fatigue can be used to your advantage? Fay calls this the “energy drain” principle. For instance, you might defuse a sibling confrontation by saying, “Wow, you need to take that fight with your brother somewhere else, because listening to that could cause me a big energy drain, and I don’t think I’ll have the energy to take you to the park after dinner.”
- Don’t bribe. It may be tempting to offer your child a cookie for behaving well during an outing, but offering a child a reward sends the wrong message; what kids hear is “‘You don’t want to be very good and you have to be paid off.”Instead, quality time is key to a happy, well-behaved child. It is recommended that each parent spends at least 15 minutes one-on-one connecting with a child every day. “Do something your child wants to do [during that time],”… “Whisper in their ear how wonderful they are, how much you love them. … It’s the best investment you can make in your child.”